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|Rubella (German Measles)|
Rubella, also called German measles, is an acute viral disease that causes fever and rash.
Symptoms and Complications
The disease causes rash and fever for two to three days. It is a mild disease in children and young adults. If acquired by a pregnant woman, it may cause birth defects such as deafness, cataracts, heart defects, mental retardation, and liver and spleen damage. At least a 20% chance of damage to the fetus if a woman is infected early in pregnancy.
The disease is spread by contact with an infected person, through coughing and sneezing.
Rubella vaccine (contained in MMR vaccine) can prevent this disease.