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Ménière's disease, an abnormality of the inner ear, is a common cause of hearing loss.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
To diagnose Ménière's disease, doctors use several procedures:
The symptoms of Ménière's disease are associated with a change in the fluid volume of the inner ear. Extra fluid in the inner ear can cause swelling. Experts believe that this swelling can rupture membranes in the inner ear, causing one fluid in the inner ear to mix with another fluid. The mixing of fluids may cause the symptoms of Ménière's disease.
Other possible causes of the disease include what are called 'environmental factors,' such as noise pollution and viral infections, and biological factors.
There is no known cure for Ménière's disease, but the doctor can suggest methods to control its symptoms, such as a change in diet or medicine. For patients with persistent, debilitating vertigo, doctors have successfully used surgery and an antibiotic to treat Ménière's disease.