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Peptic Ulcer Treatment

If you have peptic ulcers, they can be cured. Depending on what caused your ulcers, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medicines:

  • a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) or histamine receptor blocker (H2 blocker) to reduce stomach acid and protect the lining of your stomach and duodenum
  • one or more antibiotics to kill an H. pylori infection
  • a medicine that contains bismuth subsalicylate, such as Pepto-Bismol, to coat the ulcers and protect them from stomach acid

These medicines will stop the pain and help heal the ulcers.

If an NSAID caused your peptic ulcers, your doctor may tell you to

  • stop taking the NSAID
  • reduce how much of the NSAID you take
  • take a PPI or H2 blocker with the NSAID
  • switch to another medicine that won’t cause ulcers

You should take

  • only the medicines your doctor tells you to take
  • all medicines exactly as your doctor tells you to, even if your pain stops

Tell your doctor if the medicines make you feel sick or dizzy or cause diarrhea or headaches. Your doctor can change your medicines.

And if you smoke, quit. You also should avoid alcohol. Smoking and drinking alcohol slow the healing of ulcers and can make them worse.



National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, USA.