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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance. This type accounts for more than 90 percent of diabetes cases. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.

Treatment

Type 2 diabetes is presently incurable, but it can be controlled. Strict control of blood glucose is the best defense against the serious complications of diabetes. There are three ways to control blood glucose level: diet, exercise and medications.

Diet

Foods

The diabetes food pyramid can help you make wise food choices. It divides foods into groups, based on what they contain. Eat more from the groups at the bottom of the pyramid (starches, fruits and vegetables), and less from the groups at the top (fats and sugar).

Exercise

Exercise is especially good for people with diabetes because

  • exercise helps keep weight down
  • exercise helps insulin work better to lower blood glucose
  • exercise is good for heart and lungs.
Medications

Insulin injection and diabetes pills are the two kinds of medicines used to lower blood glucose. There are several different types of diabetes pills, each type helps lower blood glucose in a different way.

  • Biguanides block the liver from making sugar.
  • Sulfonylureas stimulate pancreas to make more insulin.
  • Thiazolidinediones help the body use insulin better.
  • Meglitinides stimulate pancreas to make more insulin.
  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors Slow the digestion of sugar.

 

Source:

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, USA