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High Blood Cholesterol Diagnosis Causes Treatment

Because there are usually no signs or symptoms of high blood cholesterol, it is best to have cholesterol level checked regularly. A blood test called a lipoprotein profile will give the following information:

  • Total cholesterol.
  • LDL cholesterol.
  • HDL cholesterol.
  • Triglycerides: another form of fat in the blood.

Cholesterol levels are measured in milligrams (mg) of cholesterol per deciliter (dL) of blood.

Total Cholesterol Level Total Cholesterol Category
Less than 200 mg/dL Desirable
200-239 mg/dL Borderline high
240 mg/dL and above High
LDL Cholesterol Level LDL Cholesterol Category
Less than 100 mg/dL Optimal
100-129 mg/dL Near optimal/above optimal
130-159 mg/dL Borderline high
160-189 mg/dL High
190 mg/dL and above Very high
HDL Cholesterol Level HDL Cholesterol Category
Less than 40 mg/dL A major risk factor for heart disease
40-59 mg/dL The higher, the better
60 mg/dL and above Considered protective against heart disease

Triglycerides can also raise the risk for heart disease.  150?99 mg/dL are borderline high; 200 mg/dL or more are high.