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Atherosclerosis Diagnosis Causes Treatment

Treatment for atherosclerosis includes:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Medicines
  • Special procedures and surgery

Lifestyle Changes

  • Eat a cholesterol-lowering diet.
  • Exercise, which can produce nitric oxide (NO) to prevent atherosclerosis (more info).

Medicines

  • Cholesterol-lowering medicines.
  • Anticoagulants to prevent clots.
  • Antiplatelet medicines (such as aspirin) to stop platelets from clumping together.

Special Procedures and Surgery

  • Angioplasty. This procedure is used to open blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. It can improve blood flow to the heart, relieve chest pain, and possibly prevent a heart attack.
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery. This surgery uses arteries or veins from other areas in the body to bypass the diseased coronary arteries.
  • Carotid artery surgery. This surgery removes plaque buildup from the carotid artery in the neck. This opens the artery and improves blood flow to the brain.
  • Bypass surgery of the leg arteries. This surgery uses a healthy blood vessel to bypass the narrowed or blocked blood vessels. The healthy blood vessel redirects blood around the blocked artery, improving blood flow to the leg.